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Pradhan Mantri TB Mukt Bharat Abhiyan’ to eliminate TB by 2025.

All About Nikshy poshan scheme

Why in news?

President Droupadi Murmur recently ‘Pradhan Mantri TB Mukt Bharat Abhiyan’ to eliminate TB by 2025.

Ni-kshay Mitra initiative was also launched alongside which urged citizens to work collectively towards TB elimination in the spirit of jan Bhaagidari on a war footing.

Background

India detects 20-25 lakh TB case every year, and nearly 4 lakh die of it. At present, 13.5 lakh are undergoing TB treatment, of whom 9.26 lakh have already consented to being “adopted” under the initiative.

India has had a TB Control Program since 1962. Since then it has re-organized itself two times; first into the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP) in 1997 and then into the National Tuberculosis Elimination program (NTEP) in 2020. NTEP aims to strategically reduce the TB Sustainable Development Goals, driven by belief in the country’s sprit of collective action and contribution.

To achieve this ambitious target Gol initiated the Ni-kshay Poshan Scheme. Under the aegis of the national TB elimination Programme.

Ni-kshay Mitra initiative

Launched by the president recently, the Ni-kshay Mitra initiative aims to ensure additional diagnostic, nutritional, and vocational support to those on TB treatment.

The objective is to eradicate the existing societal stigma and discrimination against TB patients and provide them with much – needed nutritional and social support, and help them lead a normal life.

It also aims to encourage elected representatives, corporates, NGOs, and individuals to come forward as donors/sponsors to help the patients complete their journey towards recovery.

To join the initiative, the sponsors will have to register on the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW) site, which has an anonymous list of TB patients, categorised according to the primary health centres, block, districts and states. The sponsors can select the number of patients as per their capacity.

A mall will be sent from the central TB division to the sponsor with details of their district’s TB officer, While the TB officer will be notified about the sponsor.

The details of the patients will be provide provided to the sponsor by their officer, on condition that maintain anonymity.

Ni-kshay 2.0 portal

The Ni-kshay 2.0 portal provides a digital platform for extending community support to persons with TB and leveraging Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) opportunities. The portal will also have a real-time of the number of people who get adopted.

The health ministry, in collaboration with Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR’s) National Institute of Nutrition, has developed two options for monthly food baskets, i.e. vegetarian and non-vegetarian basket. The food baskets will be modified by the district officials as per the locally acceptable food.

About NiKshay Poshan Scheme

 The NPY launched in 2018 by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare aims to support every Tuberculosis (TB) Patient by providing a Direct Benefit Transfer (DTB) of Rs 500 per month for nutritional needs.

Over 65-lakh persons have received a total support worth Rs 1,700 crore under the programme since it was launched, according to the Union Health Secretary

As per India TB Report 2022, only 62.1% of 2.1 million notified cases across the country received at least one payment in 2021.

The Ni-Kshay 2.0 is inspired by Anandiben Patel, governor of Uttar Pradesh, who initiated the campaign for adopting TB patients, which continues to receive widespread appreciation.

Support can be extended to persons with TB, for a minimum duration of one year and a maximum of three years, in any block or district across the country.

They need three key type of support as follows:

  1. Provision of kit comprising appropriate, need-based items to take care of their nutritional requirements.
  2. Support for additional lab-based diagnostic requirements.
  3. Equipping them with vocational skills to enhance their employability and chances of a better livelihood.  

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