Recently, the government released the first State Ranking Index for implementation of the National Food Security Act, 2013.
Why in the News?
- Recently the Ministry Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, Government of India, released the first State Ranking Index for implementation of the National Food Security Act, 2013.
- Among the 20 big states and Union Territories (UTs), Odisha topped the list while Goa came last.
About the National Food Security Act (NFSA):
- Objective: – The NFSA, 2013 was notified to provide for food and nutritional security, by ensuring access to adequate quantity food at affordable price to people to live a life with dignity.
- Salient Features:
- Legal right: It provides a legal right to persons belonging to “eligible households” to receive food grains at subsidised price – rich at Rs 3/kg, wheat at Rs 2/kg and coarse grain at Re 1/kg, under the under Targeted public Distribution System (TPDS). These are called central issue prices (CIPs).
The Act covers up to 75% of the rural population and up to 50% of the urban population for receiving subsidised food grains (overall 67% of the total population).
- Special focus on the nutritional support to women and children:
Women: It provides meals to pregnant women and lactating mothers during pregnancy and six months after the child birth. Such women will also be entitled to receive maternity benefits of not less than 6000.
Children: Up to 14 years of age will be entitled to nutrition meal as per the prescribed nutritional Standards.
- Food Security allowance: In case of non-supply of entitled food grains or meals, the beneficiaries will receive food security allowance.
- Grievance redressal mechanism: The Act also contains provision for setting up grievance redressal mechanisms at the District and State levels.
The State Ranking Index for implementation of the NFSA:
- The 1st edition of ‘State Ranking Index for NFSA’ was launched by the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution.
- The index attempts to document the status and progress of implementation of NFSA and various reform initiatives across the country, post consultation with states.
- IT highlights the reforms undertaken by States and Uts and creates a cross-learning environment and scale-up reform measures by all states and UTs.
- It largely focused on NFSA distribution and will include procurement, Pradhan mantri garib kalyan anna Yojana (PMGKAY) distribution in future.
- It is built on three key pillars which covers the end-to-end implementation of NFSA through Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS).
These Pillars are –
- Coverage of NFSA, rightful targeting, and implementation of all provisions under NFSA.
- The delivery platform while considering allocation of food grains, their movements, and last-mile delivery to Fair Price Shops (FPS).
- Nutrition initiatives of the department.
- The index has been developed to create an environment of competition, cooperation and learning among states while addressing matters of food security and hunger.
- It has been developed to increase transparency in the system by publishing reliable and standard data in the public domain.
- It can also be utilised by the global and Indian agencies for research and analysis.
- Overall Odisha, Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh scored the highest and secured the top three positions in the Index.
- Among the special category states (the northeaster, Himalayan and the island states), Tripura, Himachal Pradesh and Sikkim obtained the top positions.
- Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu scored the highest in terms of coverage, targeting and implementing provisions of NFSA.
- Bihar, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana had the best delivery platform displaying the efficiency of the TPDS supply chain.