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90th Interpol General Assembly

Preparations are afoot for the 90th Interpol General Assembly that is to be held in the Indian capital later this year.

Interpol is an international police organisation, a separate entity other than UN. Made up of 195 member countries, it operates a centralized criminal database that contains fingerprint records, DNA samples and stolen documents.

Continue reading to find out more!

Why in News

Preparation is afoot for the 90th Interpol General Assembly that is to be held in the Indian capital later this year, The arrangements for the event are being made by the Central Bureau of Investing (CBI) in coordination with other government agencies.

About Interpol

  • Full Name – International Criminal Police Organisation.
  • Interpol is the radio-telegraph code for the organisation
  • Interpol is an international police organisation made up of 195 member countries.
  • It does not work under the UN. It has enjoyed a special role – that of permanent Observer at the United Nation – since 1996.
  • It was founded in 1923 and is headquartered at Lyon, France.

Functions

  • It is not a police force in the traditional sense -its agents are not able to arrest criminals.
  • It is more of an information-sharing network, providing a way for national police forces to co-operate effectively and tackle international crime ranging from human trafficking and terrorism to money laundering and illegal art dealing.
  • Sharing of information is done by issuing color-coded notices in four languages – English, Spanish, French, and Arabic.
  • The organization operates centralized criminal databases that contain fingerprint records, DNA samples and stolen documents.

Type of Interpol Notices

  • Interpol issues different type of notices which have different objectives
  1. Types of notices issued – red, Blue, Yellow, Black, Orange, Purple, Green etc.
  2. Red Notice – A notification that a member state would like someone arrested.
  • States are not obliged to follow these notices, but will often treat them as a warrant for someone’s arrest and extradition.

Interpol General Assembly

  • The General Assembly is Interpol’s supreme governing body, and comprises representatives from all its member countries.
  • It meets annually for session lasting approximately four days, to vote on activities and policy. It takes decisions in the form of resolutions.

India and Interpol

  • India has been a member since 1956.
  • Like any member nation, India maintains a National Central Bureau (NCB). The NCB is the designated nodal body for the Interpol.
  • In India’s case, The CBI is the designated nodal body for the Interpol. NCB serves as the national platform for cooperation between domestic law enforcement units and the international police community.
  • India has collaborated with the Interpol in tacking a myriad of of organised crime such as poaching, wildlife trafficking, spurious drugs and fake medicine rackets, etc…
  • India will host the Interpol General Assembly in 2022 as part of celebrations of the 75th anniversary of Indian Independence. Also, in November 2021, CBI Special Director Praveen Sinha was elected as a delegate for Asia on the executive committee of the Interpol.
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